Five things you need to know about Westminster’s failing Union unit

Written by News Team

Michael Gove, charged with setting up the Union unit

THE Conservative government’s Union unit, set up in a desperate attempt to stop rising support for Scottish independence, hit the news this week when the man in charge was sacked. Here are five things you need to know about the failing project.

1: When was it set up?

The Union unit, or something similar,  was first mentioned at the end of 2019. It was set up by the UK government and its official mission was described as working to ”strengthen the Union and Scotland’s place in the UK”.

In January 2020 the columnist Chris Deerin wrote in The New Statesman that he had been told the Prime Minister Boris Johnson was determined to avoid the break-up of the UK. The article was headlined ‘’The Conservatives are finally developing a serious plan to stop Scottish independence’’.

Nothing was heard until almost a year later, when newspaper reports suggested Michael Gove had been told to create a unit to fight independence. At the time it was reported it would employ a team which would include at least two full-time press officers, presumably paid for out the public purse. A Whitehall source told the Herald that the new media roles would be ‘’more of an explaining role than an attack unit’’.

Since then it’s difficult to find out exactly what the Union unit has done. It’s certainly not put much effort into stopping the rise of support for independence. As we know, 20 consecutive opinion polls have shown a majority support for independence and for holding a second independence referendum.

2: Who was the unit’s boss?

Many people would have been surprised to learn this week that former Scottish MP Luke Graham had been replaced as the head of the Union unit. Surprised because they didn’t even know he had been appointed.

Graham is the former Tory MP for Ochil and South Perthshire. He entered politics by campaigning for Better Together in 2014. When he stood for the Tories in the constituency in 2015  he came third. After a stint as director of finance with Britain Stronger in Europe, the official Remain campaign in the 2016 EU referendum, he finally won the Ochil and South Perthshire seat in June 2017. He lost it again in November 2019.

There are not many newspaper reports on his appointment to the Union unit. The National reported in March that Mr Graham had been made a Westminster special adviser on the Union. It was a Cabinet Office post under Michael Gove and the appointment was hardly heralded as big news. In fact Mr Graham was hardly mentioned again until news of his sacking broke this week.

There have been reports that Mr Graham’s departure was linked to the backlash against Boris Johnson’s recent disastrous trip to Scotland

3: Why was he sacked?

That’s a matter of some speculation but it’s known that some senior Tories were less than impressed by his performance leading the Union unit.  Reports suggest they thought a new approach was needed, given the predictions of an SNP landslide in the Scottish elections in May.

Insiders are quoted as saying that Mr Graham was ‘’a nice guy’’ but ‘’hasn’t been particularly effective’’.

There have been reports that Mr Graham’s departure was linked to the backlash against Boris Johnson’s recent disastrous trip to Scotland, which took place despite pandemic travel restrictions and despite First Minister Nicola Sturgeon’s obvious disapproval.

Bad publicity over the trip got worse when it emerged the Prime Minister had visited a vaccine laboratory in Livingston just before an outbreak of coronavirus was confirmed there. Reports suggest there was a ‘’furious dispute’’ within the Tories on strategy after the trip.

Suggestions that Mr Graham had been sacked emerged days before it was confirmed. Tellingly, the Prime Minister’s press secretary Allegra Stratton had dismissed early reports, suggesting – ominously – that the former Tory MP was a ‘’very, very, very valued member of staff’’.

Boris Johnson was known to have been looking for a role for the former research director of the Vote Leave campaign

4: Who’s in charge now?

Step forward Oliver Lewis, a key figure from the Brexit campaign and an important ally of the Prime Minister, who was known to have been looking for a role for the former research director of the Vote Leave campaign.

Mr Lewis has no direct experience of Scottish politics, but that doesn’t seem to be a requirement to join the Union unit. Mr Graham had been the only person with a connection to Scotland left there. A report in the Scotsman suggested: ‘’The departure of Mr Graham and the installation of Mr Lewis has fuelled claims that Mr Johnson does not understand how to raise support for unionism in Scotland’’, which seems something of an understatement.

Mr Lewis is regarded as being a close friend of Dominic Cummings, the Prime Minister’s controversial former top adviser.

5: So where is Michael Gove in all this?

Allies of the Prime Minister have been quick to stress the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster is still involved in the overall pro-union operation.  He’s on a committee of cabinet ministers, which also includes Tory Scottish Secretary Alister Jack, which meets ‘’most weeks’’ to discuss union strategy.

On Twitter yesterday Mr Gove seized on the controversial report by the London School of Economics which was slammed by Scottish Finance Minister Kate Forbes, the report suggested  independence would cost Scotland ‘’far more than Brexit’’.

The subject of an independent Scotland’s finances seems to be a hot topic in the Gove household. His wife, Daily Mail columnist Sarah Vine, recently appeared to lend support a particularly mad plan to cut Scotland’s income.

Harriet Sergeant, a research fellow at conservative think tank Centre for Policy Studies. posted on Twitter: “To gave [sic] Scotland a taste of independence why not suspend the Barnett formula now. Then let the Scots vote in a year’s time. That way they can see how SNP largess depends on English money.”

Ms Vine retweeted the post with a single word comment: ‘’Indeed’’.

So now you know what we are up against.

About the author

News Team

Articles by News Team may be written by various members of the Business for Scotland team.


  • Interesting article apart from the line “Mr Graham had been the only Scot left there.”

    I have read that Luke Graham was born in England, educated in England and worked in England before entering Scottish politics. What makes him a Scot? Does he even live in Scotland now as a “New Scot”?

  • Lesley Riddoch made an absolutely critical point this week about the importance of rapid rebuttal. The aphorism “a lie can travel halfway around the world while the truth is still putting on its shoes” has never been more true than in today’s social media environment.

    In 2014 Yes, and in 2016 Remain, both made the crucial – and in the end catastrophic – error of assuming that voters would “see through the nonsense”, and concentrating on their own message rather than attacking and refuting every single piece of drivel from the opposing side. But people DID believe Project Fear, and they DID believe the lies on the side of the bus. The major media outlets such as the BBC portrayed utter falsehoods such as the infamous “£350 million” merely as “disputed figures”….. because they were never put under any sustained pressure to stop colluding in the dissembling.

    None of us should be in any doubt that the economic argument will win or lose the next referendum. There is considerable polling evidence that – whatever principles they may boast – very few people ever vote to make themselves and their family poorer. Leave knew this, and knew that there were enough dim and/or spectacularly ignorant voters in the UK to make it worth pursuing a line based on gigantic and sustained lies – as Dominic Cummings cheerfully admitted in 2017 “we knew our target market was the old, the stupid and the poorly-informed”.

    Pushing an optimistic and exciting message is only 50% of what will win a referendum – the other 50% is destroying the opposition’s lies before they get up off the sofa, never mind halfway round the world. Fail to do this, and we WILL lose.

    • While I agree with your comments Graeme, especially about our future monetary policy, on the doorstep during the last independence referendum, we were met by questions about a whole range of subjects, ranging from defence to the S.N.H.S.
      On the previous Yes campaign trail, we were continually having to react to the No campaign’s propaganda promoted by the M.S.M, and the signs are that this is happening again, despite no date having been announced for the second Scottish Independence Referendum.
      It’s very difficult to be proactive , and get our message across, when most of the media are against the very idea of an independent Scotland. Despite their falling print sales, and diminishing audiences, their headlines can still be seen as persuasive to the undecided, and there is very little we can do about that. Sure, we can provide detail to show up their lies, but that is still being reactive, and probably in some cases at least, the damage has already been done.
      However, hopefully later this year we will be back on the streets, talking to people, hoping to persuade them that independence is the best option.

Leave a Comment